From at least the 16th century,[5] the festival included mumming and guising,[6] which involved people going house-to-house in costume (or in disguise), usually reciting verses or songs in exchange for food.[6] It may have originally been a tradition whereby people impersonated the Aos Sí, or the souls of the dead, and received offerings on their behalf. Impersonating these beings, or wearing a disguise, was also believed to protect oneself from them.[7] It is suggested that the mummers and guisers "personify the old spirits of the winter, who demanded reward in exchange for good fortune".[8] F. Marian McNeill suggests the ancient pagan festival included people wearing masks or costumes to represent the spirits, and that faces were marked (or blackened) with ashes taken from the sacred bonfire.[5] In parts of southern Ireland, a man dressed as a Láir Bhán (white mare) led youths house-to-house reciting verses—some of which had pagan overtones—in exchange for food. If the household donated food it could expect good fortune from the 'Muck Olla'; not doing so would bring misfortune.[9] In 19th century Scotland, youths went house-to-house with masked, painted or blackened faces, often threatening to do mischief if they were not welcomed.[6] In parts of Wales, men went about dressed as fearsome beings called gwrachod,[6] while in some places, young people cross-dressed.[6] Elsewhere in Europe, mumming and costumes were part of other yearly festivals. However, in the Celtic-speaking regions they were "particularly appropriate to a night upon which supernatural beings were said to be abroad and could be imitated or warded off by human wanderers".[6] It has also been suggested that the wearing of Halloween costumes developed from the custom of souling, which was practised by Christians in parts of Western Europe from at least the 15th century.[10][11] At Allhallowtide, groups of poor people would go door-to-door, collecting soul cakes – either as representatives of the dead,[12] or in return for saying prayers for them.[13] One 19th century English writer said it "used to consist of parties of children, dressed up in fantastic costume, who went round to the farm houses and cottages, signing a song, and begging for cakes (spoken of as "Soal-cakes"), apples, money, or anything that the goodwives would give them".[14] The soulers typically asked for "mercy on all Christian souls for a soul cake".[15] The practice was mentioned by Shakespeare his play The Two Gentlemen of Verona (1593).[16][17] Christian minister Prince Sorie Conteh wrote on the wearing of costumes: "It was traditionally believed that the souls of the departed wandered the earth until All Saints' Day, and All Hallows' Eve provided one last chance for the dead to gain vengeance on their enemies before moving to the next world. In order to avoid being recognised by any soul that might be seeking such vengeance, people would don masks or costumes to disguise their identities".[18] In the Middle Ages, statues and relics of martyred saints were paraded through the streets at Allhallowtide. Some churches who could not afford these things had people dress as saints instead.[19][20] Some believers continue the practice of dressing as saints, biblical figures, and reformers in Halloween celebrations today.[21] Many Christians in continental Europe, especially in France, believed that on Halloween "the dead of the churchyards rose for one wild, hideous carnival," known as the danse macabre, which has often been depicted in church decoration.[22] An article published by Christianity Today claimed the danse macabre was enacted at village pageants and at court masques, with people "dressing up as corpses from various strata of society", and suggested this was the origin of Halloween costume parties.[23][24]

What's the best costume website


The Hundred Acre Wood is a great place to relax and hang with your friends. Don't think that storybook characters have to be stuck between the pages, though. When you and your friends wear a group costume featuring Pooh Bear and his friends, the whole story is bound to be sweet as honey. (And for once, you can be even more bouncy than your kiddo thanks to Tigger!)

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It's costume time. The requests include fairy godmothers, superheroes, adorable animals, and their favorite toys. It’ll be impossible to put all of that together in one amazing group costume. Unless, of course, you turned to some Disney costumes! In this wonderful world, you're sure to find characters from all walks of life that manage to go hand-in-hand thanks to a few waves of the wand of our favorite fairy godmother! With Disney group costumes, you can introduce Peter Pan to his very own Dalmatian friend and you'll still have room for Moana and the Little Mermaid to help you find Nemo! And after all that, folks will just want to know when your Disney special is going to come out! Take a look at some of our favorite Disney themes or put your own group costume ideas together. 

What hairstyles were popular in the 1950s


Is it time for a gals' night out? Well, tell the boys to go tidy up the kitchen because you've got places to be! If there is one way to make sure that the whole town recognizes that it's a Girl's Night, it's by dressing up in a look that sets the stage. We're not saying you all must match...but wouldn't it be fun?! There are a ton of great stories out there that only involve the ladies. (And several of the other ones would have been better that way, too.) From Mean Girls and Clueless to taking over Pawnee, Indiana with Parks and Recreation, we're happy to offer inspiration from some of our favorite themes of all-women group costumes to start the night out right. You can also put a feminine twist on other iconic characters when Ms. Captain America meets up with Superwoman and the newest Power Rangers!

In Judaism, a common practice is to dress up on Purim. During this holiday, Jews celebrate the change of their destiny. They were delivered from being the victims of an evil decree against them and were instead allowed by the King to destroy their enemies. A quote from the Book of Esther, which says: "On the contrary" (Hebrew: ונהפוך הוא‎) is the reason that wearing a costume has become customary for this holiday.
Figure out how much time you have to work. You'll need to balance time to finish your project and don't wait until the last minute. Estimate the required time that you need to finish the costumes. Some costumes have small and complicated parts, requiring more work and more time. Other costumes require large pieces that are not complicated to do. Give yourself reasonable time. Try at least four weeks to finish the costume. If four weeks isn't enough, feel free to extend the time given.
Figure out how much time you have to work. You'll need to balance time to finish your project and don't wait until the last minute. Estimate the required time that you need to finish the costumes. Some costumes have small and complicated parts, requiring more work and more time. Other costumes require large pieces that are not complicated to do. Give yourself reasonable time. Try at least four weeks to finish the costume. If four weeks isn't enough, feel free to extend the time given.
Draping is the art of manipulating the fabric using pins and hand stitching to create structure on a body. This is usually done on a dress form to get the adequate shape for the performer.[9] Cutting is the act of laying out fabric on a flat surface, using scissors to cut and follow along a pattern. These pieces are put together to create a final costume.[10]

What was the most popular Halloween costume in 2018


Is it time for a gals' night out? Well, tell the boys to go tidy up the kitchen because you've got places to be! If there is one way to make sure that the whole town recognizes that it's a Girl's Night, it's by dressing up in a look that sets the stage. We're not saying you all must match...but wouldn't it be fun?! There are a ton of great stories out there that only involve the ladies. (And several of the other ones would have been better that way, too.) From Mean Girls and Clueless to taking over Pawnee, Indiana with Parks and Recreation, we're happy to offer inspiration from some of our favorite themes of all-women group costumes to start the night out right. You can also put a feminine twist on other iconic characters when Ms. Captain America meets up with Superwoman and the newest Power Rangers!
Parades and processions provide opportunities for people to dress up in historical or imaginative costumes. For example, in 1879 the artist Hans Makart designed costumes and scenery to celebrate the wedding anniversary of the Austro-Hungarian Emperor and Empress and led the people of Vienna in a costume parade that became a regular event until the mid-twentieth century. Uncle Sam costumes are worn on Independence Day in the United States. The Lion Dance, which is part of Chinese New Year celebrations, is performed in costume. Some costumes, such as the ones used in the Dragon Dance, need teams of people to create the required effect.
In true millennial fashion, you and your squad can dress up as social butterflies. First, you'll need pairs of butterfly wings in a rainbow of colors. If you're crafty, you can easily make a pair of antennae with a headband and two pipe cleaners. Next, print out the logos of your favorite social media platforms like Facebook, Instagram, LinkedIn, and Twitter. Pin or tape it to your clothing and you're good to go. (But not before you post it on the 'gram, of course.)
If you're not sure the best Halloween costume to rock at this year's costume party, it's true that power comes in numbers! People appreciate a good group Halloween costume, and even more importantly, the group effort makes for the best memories. We rounded up the best group Halloween costume ideas, whether you're just teaming up with a couple of friends or you want to get a huge group to all go in.
^ Cleene, Marcel. Compendium of Symbolic and Ritual Plants in Europe. Man & Culture, 2002. p.108. Quote: "Soul cakes were small cakes baked as food for the deceased or offered for the salvation of their souls. They were therefore offered at funerals and feasts of the dead, laid on graves, or given to the poor as representatives of the dead. The baking of these soul cakes is a universal practice".

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Sometimes folks want to put together a 50s-themed event. That means poodle skirts and hopping music. Naturally, if you want to go for an epic group look, you only need to search as far as the hit movie musical (and stage play)Grease. Get a gaggle of dolls together in their Pink Ladies jackets and go Greased Lightning with your Thunderbirds gang. Become iconic characters like Danny or Rizzo or introduce everyone to the newest member with a kiddo costume!

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Halloween costumes are costumes worn on or around Halloween, a festival which falls on October 31. An early reference to wearing costumes at Halloween comes from Scotland in 1585, but they may pre-date this. There are many references to the custom during the 18th and 19th centuries in the Celtic countries of Scotland, Ireland, Mann and Wales. It has been suggested that the custom comes from the Celtic festivals of Samhain and Calan Gaeaf, or from the practise of "souling" during the Christian observance of Allhallowtide. Wearing costumes and mumming has long been associated with festivals at other times of the year, such as on Christmas.[1] Halloween costumes are traditionally based on frightening supernatural or folkloric beings. However, by the 1930s costumes based on characters in mass media such as film, literature, and radio were popular. Halloween costumes have tended to be worn mainly by young people, but since the mid-20th century they have been increasingly worn by adults also.
The practice may have originated in a Celtic festival, held on 31 October–1 November, to mark the beginning of winter. It was called Samhain in Ireland, Scotland and the Isle of Man, and Calan Gaeaf in Wales, Cornwall and Brittany. The festival is believed to have pre-Christian roots. After the Christianization of Ireland in the 5th century, some of these customs may have been retained in the Christian observance of All Hallows' Eve in that region—which continued to be called Samhain/Calan Gaeaf—blending the traditions of their ancestors with Christian ones.[2][3] It was seen as a liminal time, when the spirits or fairies (the Aos Sí), and the souls of the dead, could more easily come into our world.[4] It was believed that the Aos Sí needed to be propitiated to ensure that the people and their livestock survived the winter.
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Will there be a Halloween 2020

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